AIDS Prognosis

AIDS Prognosis

Diagnosis is defined as the outcome or expected course of the disease AIDS Prognosis. It comes from an ancient Greek word meaning ‘to know in advance’.

AIDS Prognosis
AIDS Prognosis

There is presently no solution for AIDS and it is lethal without treatment. However, it takes a long time for HIV infection to completely transform into AIDS. The virus begins to replicate inside CD4 cells in the body and begins to weaken the immune system.

The time it takes for HIV infection to develop AIDS can range from 6 months (very short) to 15 years. The average life span of AIDS from early HIV infection in the UK is around 12 years.

Delaying the onset of AIDS

Beginning antiretroviral treatment subsequent to distinguishing HIV positive status can assist with deferring the beginning of AIDS and related conditions.These drugs prevent viral transmission and do not actually cure the disease.

In the United States, most patients survive for many years after diagnosis because of the availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). HAART has dramatically increased the survival time of people living with HIV.

What affects the prognosis of HIV/AIDS?

Factors that affect the outcome of people with HIV include:

  • CD4 cell count. Lower counts indicate a poor immunity and chances of getting infections that may often turn life-threatening.
  • Viral load in blood. High number of viable viral RNA in blood is another indicator of poorer prognosis.
  • Age of the patient. Infants and elderly are more at risk of a poorer outcome and rapid progress of the disease.
  • Those who have developed a serious HIV related condition before starting the anti-HIV medication are also at a high risk of early AIDS progression and death.
  • Concomitant infections with hepatitis B or C virus
  • Injectable drug abusers
  • Those with heart disease or liver disease often have a poor prognosis as well.

HIV vaccine development

An effective vaccine against HIV has been researched over the last three decades. To date, no effective vaccine has been found against the disease. Research is underway on drug treatment and vaccine development.

HIV status in developing countries

HIV drugs are not always available in the developing world, where most outbreaks occur.

Factors that have improved prognosis of HIV infection in developed countries like US and UK

The most important factor is the availability of HIV drugs. Since a powerful combination of anti-HIV drugs became available in 1996, the number of HIV-related illnesses and deaths has dropped dramatically. In addition, routine testing and early detection have facilitated early introduction of antiretroviral therapy and improved diagnosis.

Regular check-ups at HIV clinics, taking regular HIV medications and other medications, not smoking, eating a healthy balanced diet and exercising regularly can also lead to a longer and healthier life. It is also important to maintain a healthy mental state.