Meaning of aids stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and is the final stage of infection caused by a virus called HIV AIDS, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus causes severe damage to the immune system.
How many people does HIV/AIDS affect?
AIDS is the leading cause of death among people aged 25-44 in the United States. That’s the decent thing to do, and it should end there.
At the end of 2010, an estimated 91,500 people were living with HIV in the UK. The virus is particularly prevalent in sub-Saharan African countries such as South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Cause of AIDS
The virus attacks the immune system, which can lead to life-threatening infections and cancer. Common bacteria, yeasts, parasites, and viruses that do not cause serious illness in people with a generally healthy immune system can be fatal to AIDS patients.
How is HIV transmitted?
HIV is found in all body liquids including spit, sensory system tissue and spinal liquid, blood, semen, and pre-fundamental liquid. Which is the fluid that emerges before discharge. Vaginal emissions, tears, and bosom milk. Just blood, semen, and bosom milk have been displayed to send disease to other people. One more method of transmission is imparting needles or infusions to HIV-contaminated people.
A pregnant lady can communicate the infection to her unborn child through their common blood course, or a nursing mother can send it to her child in her bosom milk.
HIV disease doesn’t spread by relaxed contact, mosquitoes, contacting or embracing.
Who is at risk?
People at high risk include injecting drug users who inject needles, babies born to HIV-positive mothers (especially if the mother has not received antiviral therapy during pregnancy), People who have had unprotected vaginal or anal sex with HIV-positive people, and those who have had blood transfusions or clotting products between 1977 and 1985 (the first standard practice for HIV screening) Has become).
Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
HIV infection does not cause any symptoms for a decade or more. At this stage, carriers can unknowingly transmit the infection to others. Acute HIV infections can take anywhere from a few weeks to months to become asymptomatic. It then becomes an early symptomatic HIV infection and later spreads to AIDS.
How is the progress of the disease marked?
As the HIV infection progresses, the blood shows more viral load and the CD4 T-cell count drops below 200 cells / mm3. CD4 cells are a type of T cell. Lymphocytes are cells of the resistant framework..There is a little gathering of patients who foster AIDS gradually, or never.
These are infections that do not usually affect a person with a healthy immune system, but AIDS patients do suffer from these infections. These include viral infections as:
- herpes simplex virus
- herpes zoster infection
- cancers like Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- fungal infections like candidiasis
- bacterial infections like tuberculosis
Other infections include bacterial angiomatosis, Candida esophagitis, pneumocystis gynecological pneumonia, and AIDS dementia. Cryptosporidium diarrhea, Cryptococcal meningitis, and Toxoplasma encephalitis.
Treatment of AIDS
There is no solution for meaning of AIDS once it creates. There are specialists accessible that can assist with keeping side effects under control and work on the quality and length of life for the people who have previously evolved side effects.
Drugs against HIV incorporate antiretroviral treatment. These forestall the replication of the HIV infection in the body. A mix of a few antiretroviral drugs, called exceptionally dynamic antiretroviral treatment (HAART), has been extremely successful in decreasing the quantity of HIV particles in the circulation system. Keeping the infection from recreating can further develop T-cell counts or CD4 cell counts and assist the invulnerable framework with recuperating from the HIV/AIDS disease.
Outcome of HIV
AIDS is almost always fatal without treatment. However, HAART has dramatically increased the survival time of people living with HIV.
Prevention of HIV
Condom use helps to avoid safe sex, avoid illegal drugs or shared needles or syringes, wear protective clothing, masks and goggles, and prevent transmission through contact with blood and fluids.
HIV-positive women who want to become pregnant may need treatment during pregnancy to prevent transmission to their children. The Public Health Service recommends that HIV-infected women in the United States refrain from breastfeeding their babies in order to prevent the transmission of HIV through breast milk.
HIV-1 and HIV-2 have numerous similitudes including their intracellular replication pathways, transmission modes and clinical impacts promoting meaning of AIDS (AIDS). Nonetheless, HIV-2 is more averse to advance into AIDS in view of its lower contagiousness. Subsequently, people tainted by HIV-2 generally remain non-progressors for a significant stretch of time, while patients contaminated by HIV-1 advance quicker and contract AIDS.
Nonetheless. When they progress, the obsessive interaction for both infections is to a great extent comparative. However. HIV-2 contaminations are described by lower viral heaps of north of 10,000 duplicates/mL contrasted with a large number of duplicates/mL of HIV-1. Be that as it may, the body’s resistant reaction is more defensive on account of HIV-2 contamination hence dialing back illness movement.
Preliminary tests designed to detect one of these viruses will not detect the other because of differences in the genetic makeup of these viruses. These viruses have more than 55% different genetic material. Reports also suggest that cross-reactivity between HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies can lead to misdiagnosis and under-reporting of HIV-2 infection. Immunosuppressants that can differentiate between the two types are available today and can help identify specific types of HIV infection.