Mental problems conditions are on the rise around the world, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been affected by the epidemic and the increasing use of social media. On the contrary, some think that the increase in mental health problems is a myth.
Mental health issues: An increasing cause for concern?
It is estimated that 1 in 4 people in England suffers from a mental health condition each year. Numbers have been expanding as of late. For instance, the number of individuals with a typical psychological well-being condition rose by 20 tweens the years 1993 to 2014.
Having a diagnosable emotional wellness condition can influence all everyday issues - – school, work, individual connections, and the capacity to take part locally. An individual’s conclusion may likewise change a few times all through their life.
What are the most common mental illnesses?
Amongst the most common mental health conditions are:
- Clinical depression ––a more severe form of depression where the sufferer can feel persistently sad for weeks or months. Other symptoms include loss of joy, feeling unhappy or hopeless, low self-esteem, loss of appetite, and problems sleeping
- Depressive disorders ––affect millions of people globally each year
- Anxiety ––intense, persistent worries and fears, avoidance of anxiety-provoking situations. In acute cases can lead to phobias and panic attacks
- Bipolar disorder ––extreme mood disturbance. The disorder consists of two types; Bipolar I which involves episodes of mania and depression and Bipolar II where the sufferer has more frequent periods of depression with fewer, lower key, manic episodes
- Schizophrenia ––a severe long-term condition often characterized as a type of psychosis. Symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, muddled thoughts, lack of care over personal hygiene, avoiding others
- Substance abuse ––affects millions worldwide ––it becomes a disorder when users of intoxicating substances struggle with control, compulsion, and withdrawal
- Post-traumatic stress disorder ––caused by a past stressful event that is then re-lived, sometimes years after it occurred. Symptoms include depression, loss of concentration, mood, temper, sleep, energy, and control
- Dementia ––decline in brain function and impairments in thinking, remembering, and reasoning
Who do mental Increased problems affect the most?
Mental health issues conditions are non-discriminatory and can affect anyone. A good way to think about mental illness is to think about a spectrum – we all sit somewhere consistently. Some groups are more likely to say others. According to the charity Mind, based on the statistics of people living in England, the most affected groups are:
- People who identify as LGBTIQ ––are 2 to 3 times more likely to experience a mental health condition
- Black or Black British people ––23% will experience a mental health difficulty over the course of a week compared to 17% of white British people
- Women aged 16-24 ––26% in any given week
- Those with overlapping problems such as a substance use disorder, homelessness, and contact with the criminal justice system ––around 40%
The risk factors for causation of mental health difficulties include:
- Inequality and social disadvantage
- Discrimination and social exclusion
- Traumatic experiences
- Differences in physical health
Also, according to the WHO, about 20% of children and adolescents have a mental health condition. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in the 15-29 age group population (WHO). Dangerously, research indicates an increase in internal symptoms in girls – internal symptoms are based on anxious emotions such as fear and sadness that can lead to depression, loneliness, anxiety, and physical complaints (such as headaches and Stomach pain).
The costs of mental health
The WHO reports that significant investments are urgently needed to ensure this:
- Increased mental health awareness ––more understanding and less stigma
- Access to quality mental health care and treatments
- Research to improve existing treatments and identify new ones
The most common mental health conditions are depression and anxiety. Depression and anxiety alone cost the global economy امریکی 1 trillion a year, and government spending on mental health is still less than 2% (WHO).