Vaginal Flora

Vaginal Flora

A solid vaginal flora verdure safeguards the body against urogenital diseases. These helpful or “great” microbes assume a critical part in guarding against disease. Lactobacilli give security against microorganisms from the outside climate, as well as microorganisms that live in the vagina however duplicate strangely rapidly, causing thrush or vaginosis, for instance.

Vaginal Flora
Vaginal Flora

Lactobacilli safeguard against vaginal disease essentially by colonizing the space accessible. They additionally produce lactic corrosive and hydrogen peroxide. Lactic corrosive assists with keeping a solid vaginal pH and verdure. Hydrogen peroxide restrains the excess of “awful” microorganisms that cause contamination.At this point, when the degree of lactobacilli is disturbed and there is an imbalance in the vaginal flora, the gamble of promoting pollution spreads. The contaminations can prompt undesirable side effects like tingling, aggravation, copying, unusual release and disagreeable vaginal smell.

The harmony among helpful and destructive microbes in the vagina is exceptionally delicate, with irregularity happening in the event that the vaginal pH isn’t sufficiently acidic. The vagina pH ought to be somewhere close to 3.8 and 4.5 for a sound degree of vaginal corrosiveness. On the off chance that the vagina isn’t acidic enough because of a deficiency of lactobacilli, then, at that point, organisms and “terrible” microbes can imitate more than they normally would. Two examples of the disease thus emerging are thrush (brought on by the abundance of Candida) and bacterial vaginosis (brought on by an excess of dreaded microorganisms).

Risk factors

Physiological or external factors that may increase the risk of imbalance in the vaginal flora and therefore infections include the following:

  • Antibiotics
  • Smoking
  • Incorrect or excessive washing of the groin area
  • Hormonal changes as a result of pregnancy, contraceptive use or menopause
  • Unprotected sex
  • Stress
  • Sauna or swimming pool
  • Synthetic or tight clothing or underwear
  • Fabric softeners
  • Vaginal douches
  • Intrauterine device


Probiotics, bacteria that are found naturally in the body, are often prescribed as a treatment for vegetative imbalances in the vagina. Help restore healthy levels of lactobacilli. Maintaining a healthy balance of vaginal flora restores the body’s defenses against infection.

Vaginal flora and pregnancy

A 2012 study by Kjersti Aagaard and colleagues, published in PloS One, looked at whether vaginal flora changes during pregnancy. They compared 68 samples of 24 pregnant women with 310 samples of 60 controls that were not pregnant. DNA sequencing showed that samples taken from pregnant women generally had very low bacterial diversity and fewer colonies of bacteria. Especially in areas of the vagina that were close to the uterus.