what is the gonorrhea?


Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also called gonococcus. Usually named “happiness”.


Who gets gonorrhea?

All sexually active people get. People who have multiple sexual partners and do not use contraceptives such as condoms are especially at risk.

Incidence of gonorrhea

Is the second most bacterial STI. It ranks events after Chlamydia. The incidence in the UK has dropped over a decade. However, in 2009 more than 17,000 new cases of gonorrhea were reported. It usually affects men between the ages of 20 and 24 and women between the ages of 16 and 19. About 50% of new cases occur in people under 25 years of age. 

Risk factors for gonorrhea

Some of the risk factors for gonorrhea include:

  • young age (less than 25 years).
  • previous history of STI.
  • presence of other STIs and HIV infection.
  • those with new or multiple sexual partners.
  • recent unprotected sexual intercourse with new or unknown partners.
  • unprotected anal intercourse.
  • frequent insertive oral sex.
  • history of commercial sexual activity and drug use.

Transmission of gonococcus

Gonococcus is available in the release from the penis and vaginal liquid of contaminated people. It starts with one person and communicates with another person through unprotected vaginal, oral, or butt-centric sex.

Discovery of the infection and its cause

Early records of the disease date back to 1161 when the English Parliament passed a law to ensure this.This shows the severity of the public health problem caused by the infection at the time. However, the cause of the infection was still unknown.

A similar law was then enacted in France in 1256 under Louis IX. Signs of infection were seen when the Crusaders laid siege to the acre. After Pope Boniface secularized the practice of medicine, doctors began treating prostitutes as well as ordinary men for the infection.

Symptoms of gonorrhea

About 50% of women and 10% of men show no signs of infection. The incubation period is usually between 2 to 5 days but it can be up to 10 days. Hatching time frame is the time from the onset of pollution and side effects. Usually, there is pain during urination with discharge from the vagina or penis, bleeding during menstruation in women, etc.

Treatment and complications of gonorrhea

Anti-infective agent treatment should begin as soon as possible. If left untreated, it can lead to serious long-term health problems. Some of the long-term problems associated with incurable gonorrhea include infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease. In men, if untreated complications such as inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis); The prostate gland (prostatitis) and the structure of the urethra (inflammation of the urethra) may occur.